Mapping Police Violence

Mapping Police Violence


Key Findings:

  • Police killed at least 104 unarmed black people in 2015, nearly twice each week. (See which police departments were responsible for these deaths)

  • Nearly 1 in 3 black people killed by police in 2015 were identified as unarmed, though the actual number is likely higher due to underreporting

  • 36% of unarmed people killed by police were black in 2015 despite black people being only 13% of the U.S. population

  • Unarmed black people were killed at 5x the rate of unarmed whites in 2015

  • Only 13 of the 104 cases in 2015 where an unarmed black person was killed by police resulted in officer(s) being charged with a crime. 4 of these cases have ended in a mistrial or charges against the officer(s) being dropped and 4 cases are still awaiting trial or have a trial underway. Only 4 cases (Matthew Ajibade, Eric Harris, Paterson Brown Jr., and William Chapman) have resulted in convictions of officers involved, with a fifth case (Walter Scott) resulting in the officer pleading guilty.

  • Of the 4 cases where the officer(s) involved have been convicted and sentenced, none were sentenced to serve more than 4 years in prison. Only 1 of 2 officers convicted for their involvement in Matthew Ajibade’s death received jail time. He was sentenced to 1 year in jail and allowed to serve this time exclusively on weekendsThe officer who killed Paterson Brown was sentenced to only 3 months in jail. Deputy Bates, who killed Eric Harris, was sentenced to 4 years in prison and Officer Cobb, who killed William Chapman, was sentenced to 2.5 years in prison. Officer Slager, who killed Walter Scott and pled guilty, has yet to be sentenced.

Syracuse Violent Crime Statistics 2010 – 2014


Violent Crime Statistics

Population coverage
Number of offenses reported
Violent crime
Violent crime total Murder and nonnegligent manslaughter Legacy rape1 Revised rape2 Robbery
2010 145,170 1,291 15 68 377
2011 145,822 1,302 11 63 388
2012 145,934 1,372 14 75 454
2013 143,834 1,192 21 75 400
2014 144,534 1,172 20 78 406

Adjournment in Contemplation of Dismissal (ACD) in the Town of Manlius Court

If you have to appear in front of Judge O’Leary in the Town of Manlius Court and you may need to be able to explain what the definition of an Adjournment in Contemplation of Dismissal (ACD) is.

An ACD is “an adjournment of the action without date ordered with a view to ultimate dismissal of the accusatory instrument.”

Once the accused individual is offered and accepts an ACD, he/she has either six months or a year—depending on the charges alleged—to meet whatever conditions are imposed on him/her by the judge.

If the accused individual meets those obligations, and neither the prosecution nor the judge move to restore the case to the active criminal docket, the accusatory instrument is deemed to have been dismissed by the court in furtherance of justice. N.Y. Crim. Proc. Law § 170.55 (McKinney 2016).

Housing in the City of Syracuse

A recent report by CNY Fair Housing reported on the state of housing in Syracuse and Onondaga County, and the implications, particularly, for certain groups or “classes:” those include minorities, the disabled, seniors, refugees and immigrants, large families, and those receiving certain kinds of public assistance.

Of particular note is a previous assessment of Syracuse as “hyper-segregated,” the ninth most racially segregated metropolitan area in the country. It’s evident not only in how the city is divided, but in the school system as well. The CNYFH analysis reveals that this finding is reinforced in how and where people live here.

Student can borrow an additional $4,000 if Parent is Denied a Parent Plus Loan

If a Parent PLUS loan application is unsuccessful, a student may request to borrow additional funds through the Federal Direct Unsubsidized Loan program.
You, the student, may only apply for the additional Direct Unsubsidized Loan if your parent(s) have been denied. If the Parent PLUS Loan is later approved, the student will no longer be eligible for the additional Direct Unsubsidized Loan.
The PLUS Loan denial must be on file with your school’s financial aid office before an increase to your additional unsubsidized student loan can be processed. To make a request to borrow the additional funds through the Federal Direct Unsubsidized Loan Program, you may need to complete your school’s Parent PLUS loan decline form if they have one.
Once your school is advised that you are not pursuing the PLUS loan, and you’d like the unsubsidized Loan funding offered to you, the PLUS loan will be cancelled and a supplemental direct unsubsidized loan will be offered to you.
The maximum additional amount you may request is $4,000 per year for freshmen and sophomores, and $5,000 per year for juniors and seniors.

Federal Parent Loans (PLUS)

Federal Parent Loans (PLUS)
Parents of dependent students deemed by the FAFSA application may apply for loans to supplement their child’s financial aid. The parent may borrow funds to cover up to the full cost of attendance. Parent PLUS loans are the financial responsibility of the parents, not the students. Also, it should be noted that students who are selected for verification, must complete the verification process before any aid, including the PLUS loan, can be applied to their account.

Parents may apply for a PLUS loan if:
They are a United States citizen or eligible non-citizen
They are not in default on a federal student loan
They do not owe a refund on a federal education grant


Eligibility for a Direct PLUS loan is determined by a credit check. Parents determined to have adverse credit will not be approved. Parents who are denied a PLUS loan may apply with a qualified endorser. An endorser is someone who agrees to repay the loan if you do not repay it.

Only one parent needs to apply for a PLUS loan. If a parent is denied a PLUS loan, a student will be eligible to receive the additional Unsubsidized Stafford Loan that an independent student would be eligible for.

The custodial parent and the noncustodial parent are eligible to borrow from the PLUS loan program, provided the combined amounts borrowed do not exceed the cost of attendance.

Legal guardians, siblings and grandparents are not eligible to borrow from the PLUS loan program.

Interest Rates

PLUS loans have an origination fee of 4.276% and a fixed interest rate of 7.00% for those loans disbursed on or after July 1, 2017.

Loan Type

Loan Year Fee Gross amount Net amount
Direct Parent

PLUS Loans

FY 2018
First disbursed on or after July 1, 2017 and before
July 1, 2018 has an interest rate of 4.276 on a $10,000 loan

$427.60 fee amount

$9,572.40 Net loan amount after fee.

This is what will actually be disbursed to the

student’s account For a $10,000 loan that

the parent applies for.


Repayment begins within 60 days after disbursement. Parent PLUS loan borrowers may choose to have repayment deferred (postponed) while the student, for whom the parent borrowed, is enrolled at least half-time and for an additional six months after that student is no longer enrolled at least half-time. Interest that accrues during these periods will be capitalized if not paid by the borrower. The repayment term is up to 10 years. Unless requested, there is no six month grace period. Payments can be deferred if the parent is in school themselves. Please note, since the interest rate is not subsidized, it will continue to accrue and will be capitalized when the loan enters repayment.


The student must complete a FAFSA application to be considered for Federal aid including the Direct Parent PLUS Loan.

Please note, the student must be enrolled in school at least half-time (minimum 6 credits a semester) to be eligible for the PLUS loan.

REMEMBER: The loan has a 4.276% origination fee so if you are looking to cover the exact balance of the tuition bill, please make sure to apply for 4.276% more than the exact amount or you will be short by this percentage.

The PLUS loan is a 2 step process:

Go to, and the Parent must sign in with their FSA ID
Select “Apply for a PLUS loan”
Under the Direct PLUS Loan Request for Parent Borrowers section towards the bottom, select”Complete PLUS Request for Parents”
Make sure the Parent is the borrower and the Student is in the student section.
If the Parent is approved, that parent must complete a master promissory note as well
Select “Complete MPN”
Under the PLUS MPN for Parents section, select “Complete PLUS MPN for Parents”
Make sure the parent’s information is in the borrower section

a. If the Student is the borrower on the PLUS application, the application is invalid and nothing will happen with the application.
b. Please note the PLUS loan credit expires 180 days after the approval date.
c. In order for the approved loan to be certified by our office, we must have
the approved PLUS application and signed MPN completed before the end of the semester in which the PLUS loan applies to.

Refund Checks:

If you have received a refund after all your loans have been disbursed the following options are available:

1. Students can keep the refund and use for winter or summer classes and/or spring books.
2. Student can cash the check and then repay the lender or servicer in the same amount or a lesser amount (if you need some of the funds for educational expenses).
3. Student can request a reduction of the loan for the upcoming semester.

Regulations Enforced by the Office for Civil Rights

The versions of 34 C.F.R. Parts 100, 104, 106, and 110 linked from this page incorporate the amendments made in the notice of Final Regulations published in the Federal Register on November 13, 2000 (65 Fed. Reg. 68050).
See Notice to Readers below for more information.

34 C.F.R. Part 100
Implementing Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in all programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance.
34 C.F.R. Part 104
Implementing Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in all programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance.
34 C.F.R. Part 106
Implementing Title IX of the Education Amendments of 1972, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in all education programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance.
34 C.F.R. Part 110
Implementing the Age Discrimination Act of 1975, which generally prohibits discrimination on the basis of age in all programs or activities that receive Federal financial assistance.
28 C.F.R. Part 35
Implementing Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, which prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability by public entities.

Your child’s protections under the Clery Act and Women’s Against Violence Act

For parents of college students, the day their children depart for school is one of exhilaration and pride, but it also comes with unspeakable worry about campus safety. The Jeanne Clery Act — a federal law named for a Lehigh University student hideously murdered in her dorm room in 1986 — empowers the families and loved ones of students with knowledge and resources that allow all involved to be safer.

To be specific, the Clery Act mandates that all colleges and universities receiving government money must collect, maintain, and publicly share information regarding crime on and around their campus areas.

In addition, the Clery Act demands assistance for victims. Schools must maintain resources to aid anyone on campus who falls prey to domestic violence, sexual assault, dating violence, or stalking. The law demands that victims should be offered any type of change to their personal situation as it relates to housing, transportation, or workplace arrangements. All learning institutions are also required to maintain a record of their crime information for a minimum of seven years.

In 1990, Congress enacted the Crime Awareness and Campus Security Act of 1990 (Title II of Public Law 101-542), which amended the Higher Education Act of 1965 (HEA). This act required all postsecondary institutions participating in HEA’s Title IV student financial assistance programs to disclose campus crime statistics and security information. The act was amended in 1992, 1998, 2000 and 2008. The 1998 amendments renamed the law the Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act in memory of a student who was slain in her dorm room in 1986.
It is generally referred to as the Clery Act and is in section 485(f) of the HEA.
On March 7, 2013, the Violence Against Women
Reauthorization Act of 2013 (VAWA) (Public Law 113-14) was
signed into law. VAWA includes amendments to the Clery Act.
These changes require institutions to disclose statistics, policies and programs related to dating violence, domestic violence,sexual assault and stalking, among other changes. Specifically,these changes added or modified requirements related to
• disclosure of statistics of the number of dating
violence, domestic violence, sexual assault and
stalking incidents;
• disclosure of statistics of new categories of Hate
• implementation by institutions and disclosure of
programs to prevent dating violence, domestic
violence, sexual assault and stalking, including
– primary prevention and awareness programs for
incoming students and employees; and – ongoing prevention and awareness campaigns
for students and employees;
• disclosure of procedures victims should follow if a
crime of dating violence, domestic violence, sexual
assault or stalking has occurred; and
• implementation by institutions and disclosure of
procedures for institutional disciplinary action in
cases of dating violence, domestic violence, sexual
assault and stalking, including
– descriptions of each disciplinary proceeding
used by the institution, the standard of evidence
used during each disciplinary proceeding,
possible sanctions imposed following the
results of disciplinary proceedings, and the
range of protective measures that the institution
may offer a victim;
– provisions to ensure that proceedings will be
prompt, fair and impartial;
– provisions that state that proceedings will be
conducted by officials who receive annual
training; and
– ensuring equal opportunities for the accuser
and accused to have others present during
proceedings, including an advisor of their


Cannot have Adverse Credit to Qualify for a Parent Plus Loan by Lindy Madill

When planning for your child’s financial aid for college you may consider taking out a Parent Plus Loan. A parent plus loan is credit based however your credit score or your income are NOT taken into consideration. There is also no limit in the amount that you can take out.

Sections 428B(a)(1)(A) and 455(a)(1) of the Higher Education Act provide that to be eligible to receive a PLUS
Loan the applicant must not have an adverse credit history, as determined pursuant to
regulations promulgated by the Secretary. The applicable regulations are 34 CFR 685.200(b) &(c)

What is adverse credit history?

Pursuant to 34 CFR 685.200, an applicant does NOT qualify for a parent plus loan with out an endorser or approved extenuating circumstances if the applicant:

has one or more debts with a total combined outstanding balance greater than $2,085 that are 90 or more days delinquent as of the date of the credit report, or that have been placed in collection or
charged off (written off) during the two years preceding the date of the credit report; or
• during the five years preceding the date of the credit report, you have been subject to a
o default determination,
o discharge of debts in bankruptcy,
o foreclosure,
o repossession,
o tax lien,
o wage garnishment, or
o write-off of a federal student aid debt

Charged off means a debt that a creditor has written off as a loss, but that is still subject to collection action.

In collection means a debt that has been placed with a collection agency by a creditor or that is subject to more intensive efforts by a creditor to recover amounts owed from a borrower who has not responded satisfactorily to the demands routinely made as part of the creditor’s billing procedures.

A question for the lender if you are having difficulty getting approved for the Parent PLus Loan is how are collections or chargeoffs that are older than two years old viewed? For example, you may have a collection that has existed on your credit report for longer than two years. What is the significance of the two year date?

For more information about the ways you can qualify for a Direct PLUS Loan, contact Student Loan Support

information on adverse credit